1. How was 2016 for Constanta Port Administration in terms of business development and compared to your expectations?
The total traffic of freight registered through the Romanian maritime ports was of 49.1 million tonnes in the first 10 months of 2016, as compared to 47.8 million tonnes during the same period of 2015, an increase of 2.7%.
The maritime traffic registered 38.16 million tonnes (36.92 million tonnes on October 31, 2015) and the river traffic reached 10.94 million tonnes (compared to 10.89 million tonnes on October 31, 2015).
From the total traffic, 17.7 million tonnes are exported goods, 15.7 million tonnes imported goods, 10.9 million tonnes are transited goods and 4.7 million tonnes cabotage.
The Port of Constanta has gained the ‘hub’ position for grains in the Black Sea basin, given the spectacular evolutions in this field as a result of investments in new storage capacities made by the companies in the field.
2. As maritime shipping constitutes just one segment of the transport chain, internationally, how is this segment developed in Romania compared to the railway shipping and terrestrial shipping?
Having in view the special geographical location and the natural parameters of this port, there are obvious premises that Constanta should be ranked among the major ports of Europe. Still, such position implies to define a corresponding strategy, to rethink the structure of the Port of Constanta and its technological upgrading.
Also, the role of the Port of Constanta on the South-Eastern and Central European market is closely related to the development of the intermodal transport infrastructure on the national level, in close connection with the European one.
To maximize the Port of Constanta’s potential, investments in road and rail infrastructure are required, thus enabling it to play its role as the gateway to the Black Sea for the Central and Eastern European countries.
Therefore, we underline the importance of the fact that all transport modes should be efficiently interconnected, which will, for sure, be positively reflected on the cargo traffic operated in the Port of Constanta.
To a great extent, the maritime traffic of Romania depends on the existence and quality of the terrestrial transport infrastructure as well.
From our viewpoint, all specialized terminals in the Port of Constanta are connected with the technological roads that are, in their turn, connected with the national roads and the Motorway of the Sun.
3. Romania is heading towards a record economic growth by the end of 2016 (around 5% of GDP). According to the latest data, in terms of volume, what can you tell us about the dynamics of the merchandise passing through Constanta Port in 2016?
The quantity of cargo operated in containers in the port of Constanta has increased during the analysed period by 4.66%, from 5.68 million tonnes (on October 31, 2015) to 5.95 million tonnes (on October 31, 2016). This corresponds to a number of 607,329 TEU (+6.51%), respectively 570,192 TEU in the first ten months of 2015.
The container traffic registered, in 2015, 6.84 million tonnes, respectively 689,012 TEU, as compared to 2014 when there were registered 6.77 million tonnes, respectively 668,349 TEU. In quantitative terms, the increase is of 1.04%, and regarding the number of TEUs, the increase is of 3.09%.
Beside the evolution of grain traffic, we may also speak of a steady increase of container traffic within the last years, entitling us to anticipate that for the next period of time the trend of increasing cargo traffic through the Port of Constanta should be maintained not only on its important segments but also as total.