KASPERSKY INFO SYSTEMS SRL

  |  2013-02-27

Kaspersky Lab has discovered MiniDuke, a new malware program

Hackers targeted dozens of computer systems at government agencies across Europe in a series of attacks that exploited a recently discovered security flaw in Adobe Systems Inc's software

Key findingsof Kaspersky Lab:

• The MiniDuke attackers are still active at this time and have created malware as recently as February 20, 2013. To compromise the victims, the attackers used extremely effective social engineering techniques which involved sending malicious PDF documents to their targets. The PDFs were highly relevant and well-crafted content that fabricated human rights seminar information (ASEM) and Ukraine’s foreign policy and NATO membership plans.

These malicious PDF files were rigged with exploits attacking Adobe Reader versions 9, 10 and 11, bypassing its sandbox.

 

• Once the system is exploited, a very small downloader is dropped onto the victim’s disc that’s only 20KB in size. This downloader is unique per system and contains a customized backdoor written in Assembler. When loaded at system boot, the downloader uses a set of mathematical calculations to determine the computer’s unique fingerprint, and in turn uses this data to uniquely encrypt its communications later.

 

• If the target system meets the pre-defined requirements, the malware will use Twitter (unbeknownst to the user) and start looking for specific tweets from pre-made accounts. These accounts were created by MiniDuke’s Command and Control (C2) operators and the tweets maintain specific tags labeling encrypted URLs for the backdoors.

These URLs provide access to the C2s, which then provide potential commands and encrypted transfers of additional backdoors onto the system via GIF files.

 

• Based on the analysis, it appears that the MiniDuke’s creators provide a dynamic backup system that also can fly under the radar - if Twitter isn’t working or the accounts are down, the malware can use Google Search to find the encrypted strings to the next C2. This model is flexible and enables the operators to constantly change how their backdoors retrieve further commands or malcode as needed.

 

• Once the infected system locates the C2, it receives encrypted backdoors that are obfuscated within GIF files and disguised as pictures that appear on a victim’s machine.

 

Once they are downloaded to the machine, they can fetch a larger backdoor which carries out the cyberespionage activities, through functions such as copy file, move file, remove file, make directory, kill process and of course, download and execute new malware and lateral movement tools.

• The final stage backdoor connects to two servers, one in Panama and one in Turkey to receive the instructions from the attackers.

 

You can read the entire research report at Securelist.

COMMENT ON THIS ARTICLE:




Load new captcha.
 

TOP HARDWARE COMPANIES (2016)
Scoring Methodology by ERNST&YOUNG


 
#
COMPANY NAME
MCR TOTAL SCORING
 
1 NETWORK ONE DISTRIBUTION SRL 3,0000
2 COMPLET ELECTRO SERV SA 3,0000
3 ENTERPRISE SERVICES ROMANIA SRL 3,0000
4 AGIS COMPUTER SRL 3,0000
5 DATANET SYSTEMS SRL 3,0000
6 ELKOTECH ROMANIA SRL 2,0000
7 ASBIS ROMANIA SRL 2,0000
8 SKIN MEDIA SRL 2,0000
9 LIKEIT SOLUTION SRL 2,0000
10 IT SMART DISTRIBUTION SRL 2,0000